References

Effects on Marine Mammals

  • Nedwell J R, Turnpenny A W H (1998) 'The use of a generic frequency weighting scale in estimating environmental effect'. Proceedings of the Workshop on Seismics and Marine Mammals, 23-25th June 1998, London, UK.
  • Richardson W, Wursig B (1997) 'Influences of man-made noise and other human actions on cetacean behaviour'. Mar. Freshwat. Behav. Physiol. 29(1-4), pp183-209.
  • Richardson J, Greene C, Malme C, Thomson D (1995) 'Marine Mammals and Noise'. Academic Press, 525 B Street, San Diego, California 92101-4495 USA, ISBN 0-12-588440-0.

Shipping Noise

  • Arveson P, Vendittis D (2000) 'Radiated noise characteristics of a modern cargo ship'. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 107(1), pp118-129.
  • Lawson J W (1999) 'Marine mammal and acoustical monitoring of Western Geophysical's open-water seismic program in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea'. Report from LGL Ltd., King City, Ont., and Greenridge Sciences Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, for Western Geophysical, Houston, TX and Nat. Mar. Fish. Serv., Anchorage, AK, and Silver Spring, MD.
  • Scrimger P, Heitmeyer R M (1991) 'Acoustic source-level measurements for a variety of merchant ships'. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 86, pp691-699.
  • Ross D G (1987) 'Mechanics of Underwater Noise'. Los Altos, CA, Peninsula Publishing.
  • Gray L M, Greeley D S (1980) 'Source level model for propeller blade rate radiation for the world's merchant fleet'. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 67(2), pp516-522.

Pile Driving

  • Wursig B, Greene C, Jefferson T (2000) ' Development of an air bubble curtain to reduce underwater noise of percussive piling'. Marine Environmental Research, 49(1), pp79-93.
  • Wursig B, Evans P (1998) 'Cetaceans and humans; influences of noise'. Second european Seminar on marine mammals, Valencia, Spain.

Noise from Tools

  • Needham K, Nedwell J R (1999) 'Measurement of impulsive noise from underwater bolt guns'. Subacoustech report reference: 381R0104.
  • Nedwell J, Martin A, Mansfield N (1993) 'Underwater tool noise: implications for hearing loss'. Subtech '93, pp267-275, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Offshore Exploration and Production Noise

  • Goold J C, Fish P J (1998) 'Broadband spectra of seismic survey air-gun emissions, with reference to dolphin auditory thresholds'. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 103(4), pp2177-2184.
  • Hall J D, Francine J (1991) 'Measurements of underwater sounds from a concrete island drilling structure located in the Alaskan sector of the Beaufort Sea'. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 90(3), pp1665-1667.

Blasting and Explosives Noise

  • Barett R W (1996) 'Guidelines for the safe use of explosives underwater'. MTD Publication 96/101, Marine Technology Directorate, ISBN 1-870553-23-3.
  • Nedwell J R, Thandavamoorthy T S (1989) 'Laboratory measurement of the blast pressure underwater due to the underwater detonation of buried and freely-suspended explosive charges'. Institute for Sound & Vibration Research, University of Southampton, ISVR Memorandum 698.

Reveiew Papers

  • Richardson W (1997) 'Marine mammals and man-made noise: current issues'. Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics 19(9), pp39-50.

Sonar and Research Installations

  • Whitlow W, Au W, Nachtigall P, Pawloski J (1997) 'Acoustic effects of the ATOC signal (75 Hz, 195 dB) on dolphins and whales'. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 101(5), Pt1.
  • Mercer J, Howe B, Dunshaw B, Dziechiuch M, Munk W, Birdsall T, Metzger K (1996) 'Thermometry of the ocean climate, a description of the acoustic network'. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 100, pp2580.
  • Munk W, Spindel R, Baggeroer A, Birdsall T (1994) 'The Heard Island feasibility test'. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 96, pp2330-2342.
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